HIPAA, or the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act, was passed by Congress in 1996. HIPAA is the federal law that governs how "Covered Entities" handle the privacy and security of patients' protected health information (PHI). HIPAA does the following:
Provides the ability to transfer and continue health insurance coverage for millions of American workers and their families when they change or lose their jobs;
Reduces health care fraud and abuse;
Mandates industry-wide standards for health care information on electronic billing and other processes; and
Requires the protection and confidential handling of protected health information
For ADA members, several HIPAA resources are available to you.